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时间:2022-01-21 来源:eisar.com.cn 作者:月夜星空文库网

英国饮食文化 英文版

The history of Britain has played a large part in it's traditions, it's culture - and it's food. The Romans for instance brought us cherries, stinging nettles ( to be used as a salad vegetable), cabbages and peas, as well as improving the cultivation of crops such as corn. And they brought us wine! The Romans were prolific road builders, these roads allowing for the first time the easy transportation of produce throughout the country.

The Saxons were excellent farmers and cultivated a wide variety of herbs. These were not used just for flavour as they are today but were used as bulk to pad out stews.

The Vikings and Danes brought us the techniques for smoking and drying fish - even today the North East coasts of England and Scotland are the places to find the best kippers - Arbroath Smokies, for example. "Collops" is an old Scandinavian word for pieces or slices of meat, and a dish of Collops is traditionally served on Burns Night (25th January) in Scotland. York Ham is a great favourite with the British housewife. The first York Ham is said to have been smoked with the sawdust of oak trees used in the building of York Minster.

The Normans invaded not only our country but also our eating habits! They encouraged the drinking of wine and even gave us words for common foods - mutton (mouton) and beef (boeuf) for example. In the 12th century the Crusaders were the first Britons to taste oranges and lemons whilst in Jaffa in 1191-2.

Britain has always been a great trading nation. Saffron was first introduced into Cornwall by the Phoenicians at a very early date when they first came to Britain to trade for tin. Derived from the dried and powdered stigmas of the saffron crocus, saffron is still used today in British cooking. The importation of foods and spices from abroad has greatly influenced the British diet. In the Middle Ages, wealthy people were able to cook with spices and dried fruits from as far away as Asia. It has been said however that the poor people were lucky to eat at all!

In Tudor times, new kinds of food started to arrive due to the increase in trade and the discovery of new lands. Spices from the Far East, sugar from the Caribbean, coffee and cocoa from South America and tea from India. Potatoes from America began to be widely grown. Eccles Cakes evolved from Puritan days when rich cakes and biscuits were banned.

Turkeys were bred almost exclusively in Norfolk up until the 20th century. In the 17th century, turkeys were driven from Norfolk to the London markets in great flocks of 500 birds or more. Their feet were sometimes bandaged to protect them. Upon arrival in London, they had to be fattened up for several days before market.

The growth of the Empire brought new tastes and flavours - Kedgeree, for example, is a version of the Indian dish Khichri and was first brought back to Britain by members of the East India Company. It has been a traditional dish at the British breakfast table since the 18th and 19th centuries.

Nowadays you can sample cuisines from all around the world - chinese, indian, italian, french, american, spanish, thai, etc., reflecting the ethnic diversity of Britain today as well as the modern ease of travel. Some would even claim 'Curry' to be a traditional British dish - although it bears little resemblance to the curries to be found in India!

So what is British cuisine? Roast Beef and Yorkshire Pudding, Steak and Kidney Pie, Trifle - these are the dishes that everyone associates with Britain. But like the country of Britain which is constantly changing and evolving, so is British food, and whilst today these dishes are 'traditionally British', in the future perhaps dishes such as the British Curry will join them!西班牙饮食文化(英文版)

spain is famous for many things: bull, olive trees, picasso, flamenco branch's songs. oh ? also, the garlic flavor piaoman the country. there is no doubt that spain's most famous dishes is the "para", which is a pot of the crocus yiman, rice, shrimp, gebeng, chicken and a spicy spanish sausage and peas in the united states and meals. "para" from spain and chek cephalonia language in the "jianguo", usually with an iron zhedao cai boiling pans, eating the same time as the family banquet, a bit like the united states louisiana taste dishes.

below spain to take a look at the more delicious on the table:

galician broth: a whole pot of potatoes, green cabbage, baidou and meat stew or ham from the system, most of the galician coast of spain welcomed. spain green soup: a daguo potatoes, baidou, vegetables and sausage stew very thick soup. meat pies: from the fermentation of a bag of meat, spinach, sausage, squid, shrimp and vegetables make the stuffing, made of. fruit pie: the most popular desserts, a butter cake, aromatic and pleasant. spanish cold soup: vegetables, tomatoes, vinegar and a little pepper make a cold summer soup, and quilts as "liquid salad." sometimes soup is still above the addition of some films, such as cucumber, as a decoration.

galician soup materials used: 1 tablespoon olive oil, 1 onion, chopped, 4 cups water, 2 cups small white potatoes, garlic 2-3 flap, paisui; two medium-large carrot, to piqie ding; salt 1 / 2 teaspoon; pepper 1 / 2 teaspoon; broken turnip or mustard green green 1 / 2 teaspoon; baiyun beans 1 can (15 ounces), controlling water; netherlands fresh chopped celery 1 / 4 cup

system of law: take the pot hot oil, add to onions and garlic, fried 4 minutes, add water, potatoes, radish and dry materials. fire in 20-25 minutes, occasionally fandong. add to luobu ding, yundou and the netherlands-qin, and then burned five minutes. fire commissioner of the rice for 10 minutes. to make soup even some thick, can be used spoon in the pot back wall of the crowded potatoes broken. chuguo bowl loaded with crispy bread to eat.

grilled squid salad materials: one pounds of fresh squid, cleaned; olive oil 1 / 2 cup; garlic 6-8 flap, paisui; chopped fresh parsley 2-3 spoons; lemon juice (from 1 lemon squeezed out), black pepper 1 / 2 teaspoon; salt 1 / 2 teaspoon; colored leaves or leaf lettuce 1, wash; two tomatoes, chopped to nuclear; one red onion, cut long; 1 cucumber, sliced; suanla sand division 1 / 2 cup

system of law: the oil, garlic, parsley, lemon juice and seasonings add to bowl leveling draw frame. add to squid again, and then placed in the refrigerator 2-3 hours. the lettuce, tomato, onion, cucumber and suanla sand secretary bancheng salad. preheat oven, burning of carbon-wang, grill oiler. squid will be removed from the pickle juice, on the grill, bake 5-7 minutes each side, until the roast is shutou. kaohao remove the squid, placed on the salad can be consumed.English style of eating habits is also easy, pay attention to nutrition. Breakfast is usually porridge milk or a cup of red juice, coated with butter toast, fried bacon or sausage, eggs. At noon, the children eat lunch at school, adults at lunch on the job on the vicinity to buy a sandwich, a cup of coffee on, just kill. Only to the weekend, the British people will be rich on a table. Usually the main course is meat, such as grilled chicken, roast beef, fish and so on. A wide variety of vegetables, like cabbage, fresh peas, potatoes, carrots and so on. Vegetables in general are no longer processed, mounted on a tray, poured from the supermarket to buy ready-made sauce will be consumed. After the main course there will always be together digestible of sweets, such as cooking fruit, fruit pudding, cheese, ice cream and so on.

Fried fish and fries (Fish and chips)

This is the traditional British fast food nation (fast

food). It is in the 19th century 60's pop up. At that time, the railway put start fresh fish one night directly (direct) transported from the east coast to London. English at the fish paste on top ofgood deep-fried in oil, and fried potatoes be eaten together. People put a mixture of salt and vinegar sauce and pour it into the article on fish and potatoes, with a newspaper bag, and then eat from the paper in hand. Today, people often use a clean paper packaging, and to provide a fork (fork).

Cha (Tea)

British National enjoy a cup of tea. At the traditional British (tradition) on people with porcelain tea cup, one person a cup, a spoonful of tea. The majority of British people like to drink strong tea, but I want to add much milk. Many years ago, people used to put milk into the cup, then add the tea, and finally add water.

Coffee (Coffee)

Now in the United Kingdom, as popularity of coffee and tea. People either do not add milk or add milk, or drink coffee or preparing a new instant coffee.

Wine (Wine)

English wine industry is very strong. More and more of the many vineyards are producing wine and red wine (red

wine). English pubs everywhere, has several flavors, each with 10,000 large and small pubs, which have many hundreds of years of history, this old pub is usually haunted legends, it is interesting that not only did not care about the owner, but also his house ghost Li Chuan-story as the general put on a table in each. Something fishy about the pub business better and sell more expensive.

Eating habits with knife and fork pyronaridine ~

British people generally preferred way of cooking there is: cooked in soy and vinegar, barbecue, fried and fried. Of meat, seafood, game cooking methods are unique; However, the categories of the beef they have special preferences, such as barbecue beef (ROASTED BEEF), is attached not only in the consumption of seasonal vegetables, baked potato, but also will add some steak on the mustard sauce; at the use of seasoning on the butter and liquor preferences; at spice up the taste of meat Kou, cinnamon and other spices fresh.

The more well-known British cuisine has: beef kidney allocation (STEAK KIDNEY PIE), fish Pai (ENGLISH FISH CHIP), the Royal butter chicken (CHICKEN A LA KING) and so on. British people enjoy hunting, only once a year at the hunting period, there is much of the hotel or restaurant will be introduced to game meal, such as deer (VENISON), rabbits (HARE), pheasant (PHEASANT),, such as cooking. General cooking game when using some gin or berries and wine, this approach is in order to remove the smell of mutton flavor of the food itself.

Breakfast is very important to the British people, British restaurants in the supply of a wide range of meals, have fruit juice, fruit, eggs, meat, wheat porridge category, bread, jam and coffee. Nowadays the popular afternoon tea (HIGH TEA) is the mass from the United Kingdom, and its more famous there is Victoria-style VICTORIAN STYLE), the contents can be said to be all-inclusive, including all kinds of small points, muffin, fruit tarts (TARTE ) and sandwiches. Supper on the daily lives of English is also one of the most important part of the meal of their choice is usually late, and are eating betterto promote friendship between meals can imagine they belong to are very autonomous nation, and a supper for them could take hours.

The United Kingdom at the local, there will be lot of people who love to drink, mainly because it itself is also a wine producing country. English at the cost of alcohol consumption on the expenditure than the other also to the many.

Nobu Restaurant

This is a world-renowned Japanese-style sushi restaurant, perfect interpretation of the cultural diversity of London. Enjoy the best way is to let the staff recommend, another is called a reversal of the world's black cod, point of confusing the champagne glass. Of course, the best have someone else foot the bill! Remember the location you want in advance, otherwise.

St. John's Restaurant

Very authentic British restaurant, under the name of the solemn nostalgia,thick sauce, verytraditional British dishes. Pig here are LOGO, shows a simple kick! Have to roast whole pigs, Yorktraditional rural English dishes. Confections are a weight of more down 2,3个. Good to eat! Ensure that you spot, the United Kingdom must go FREE to try!

Hakkasan Restaurant

An average consumption of 60 pounds in London's top restaurants. Is not a false faceskill, newspapers comment on is "the history of the sexiest Chinese restaurant", are impartial appraisal. Hot and sour soup, pipa duck, pork Doo British sparkling wine, Greece white Portuguese. It seems that Chinese and Western, at tip of tongue on an.L'histoire de la Grande-Bretagne a joué un grand r?le dans ses traditions, sa culture - et c'est la nourriture. Les Romains, par exemple, nous a apporté les cerises, les orties (pour être utilisé comme une salade de légumes), les choux et pois, ainsi que l'amélioration de la culture de plantes telles que le ma?s. Et ils nous ont apporté du vin! Les Romains étaient des constructeurs de routes prolifiques, ces routes permettant pour la première fois le transport facile des produits dans tout le pays. Les Saxons étaient d'excellents agriculteurs et cultivé une grande variété d'herbes. Ceux-ci n'ont pas été utilisés simplement pour le go?t qu'elles le sont aujourd'hui, mais ont été utilisés comme essentiel pour étoffer les rago?ts. Les Vikings et les Danois nous ont apporté les techniques de fumage et de séchage du poisson - même aujourd'hui les c?tes Nord-Est de l'Angleterre et l'Ecosse sont les endroits pour trouver des les meilleurs harengs - Arbroath Smokies, par exemple. "Escalopes" est un vieux mot scandinave morceaux ou en tranches de viande et un plat de escalopes est traditionnellement servi sur la Burns Night (25 Janvier) en Ecosse. York Ham est un grand favori avec la ménagère britannique. Le premier Ham York est dit avoir été fumé à la sciure de bois de chênes utilisés dans la construction de la cathédrale d'York. Les Normands ont envahi non seulement notre pays, mais aussi nos habitudes alimentaires! Ils ont encouragé la consommation de vin et nous a même donné des mots pour les aliments courants - mouton (mouton) et le b?uf (b?uf), par exemple. Au 12ème siècle, les Croisés furent les premiers Bretons et des oranges et des citrons go?t tandis que dans Jaffa en 1191-2. Bretagne a toujours été une grande nation commer?ante. Safran a d'abord été introduit dans Cornwall par les Phéniciens à une date très t?t quand ils sont arrivés en Grande-Bretagne au commerce de l'étain. Dérivée des stigmates séchés et en poudre de la crocus de safran, le safran est encore utilisé aujourd'hui dans la cuisine britannique. L'importation des aliments et des épices provenant de l'étranger a considérablement influencé le régime britannique. Au Moyen Age, les gens riches ont pu cuisiner avec des épices et de fruits secs venant d'aussi loin que l'Asie. Il a été dit cependant que les pauvres ont eu la chance de manger à tous! Au temps des Tudor, de nouveaux types de nourriture ont commencé à arriver en raison de l'accroissement des échanges et la découverte de nouvelles terres. épices d'Extrême-Orient, le sucre en provenance des Cara?bes, du café et du cacao d'Amérique du Sud et le thé de l'Inde. Pommes de terre de l'Amérique a commencé à être cultivée. Gateaux Eccles évolué de quelques jours puritains de gateaux et de biscuits riches ont été interdites. Dindes ont été élevés presque exclusivement dans le Norfolk jusqu'au 20ème siècle. Au 17ème siècle, les dindes ont été chassés de Norfolk pour les marchés de Londres en grands troupeaux de 500 oiseaux ou plus. Leurs pieds étaient parfois bandés pour les protéger. à son arrivée à Londres, ils ont d? être engraissés pendant plusieurs jours avant le marché. La croissance de l'Empire apporté de nouveaux go?ts et de saveurs - Kedgeree, par exemple, est une version du plat indien Khichri et a été ramené en Grande-Bretagne par les membres de la Compagnie des Indes orientales. Il a été un plat traditionnel à la table du petit déjeuner britannique depuis les 18e et 19e siècles. Aujourd'hui, vous pourrez déguster une cuisine de tous les coins du monde - chinois, indien, italien, fran?ais, américain, espagnol, tha?, etc, ce qui reflète la diversité ethnique de Grande-Bretagne aujourd'hui, ainsi que la facilité de déplacement moderne. Certains affirment même ?Curry? pour être un plat traditionnel britannique - même si elle ne ressemble guère aux currys que l'on trouve en Inde! Alors, quelle est la cuisine britannique? R?ti de boeuf et Yorkshire Pudding, steak et rein Pie, Bagatelle - ce sont les plats que tout le monde associe la Grande-Bretagne. Mais comme le pays de la Grande-Bretagne qui est en constante évolution, est donc la nourriture britannique, et alors qu'aujourd'hui ces plats sont ?traditionnellement britannique, à l'avenir, peut-être des plats tels que le curry britannique se joindre à eux!


have an appetite for是什么意思

have an appetite for

英[h?v ?n ??pitait f?:]

美[h?v ?n ??p??ta?t f?r]


[例句]Most children have an appetite for learning.

多数孩子都有强烈的求知欲望。have an appetite for [英]h?v ?n ??pitait f?: [美]h?v ?n ??p??ta?t f?r v. 爱好 [例句]you know i have an appetite for sexy things. 你知道我对性感的事物感兴趣。 如果你对这个答案有什么疑问,请追问, 另外如果你觉得我的回答对你有所帮助,请千万别忘记采纳哟!